Fishing rods, they come in all shapes and sizes. Some for different purposes than others. But wondering what fishing rod is better suited to your needs? In our blog post today we’ll go through what are the different types of fishing rods and their purpose.
Fishing Rod Anatomy
Throughout the article we’ll be using a lot of terminology. To help you guys understand what each part of the fishing rod is called we’ve created a diagram below.
Often the most common type of fishing rod we’ll encounter in the market. These are great for both amateur or expert level anglers. Generally, a spinning fishing rod is paired up with a spinning reel.
Spinning rods come in various weight classes and rod action. Depending on the weight class, these rods can target various medium to small sized fish species and are suitable for bait fishing or lure casting.
How to identify a spinning rod, generally the eyelets will be facing downwards on the rod. Also, from the rod reel to tip-top the eyelets we’ll gradually decrease in size.
An alternative to the spinning rod is the bait-caster fishing rods. These are great for advanced anglers as they can offer greater accuracy and casting distance. The downside to these types of rods is the bait-casting reel that comes with these rods.
Without proper handling, they are prone to tangling on the spool. Generally, how to identify these types of rods is the eyelets will be positioned facing upwards on the rod and often will have a trigger near the reel seat.
Overhead rods are often used for big species of game fish and deep water fish. These are commonly used on boats as they aren’t made for casting but dropping big bait straight down or trolling.
Overhead rods are thicker in construction, shorter and are paired up with overhead reels. Primarily used to reel in big fish from a boat.
The perfect fishing rod for all travellers, as these are very compact. Great for anyone who has limited storage space at home or in a car. Telescopic rods have come a long way since their first introduction in to the market.
As we have encountered some very strong and versatile rods. These rods are generally designed for spinning reels and are made to target medium to small sized fish species.
The largest fishing rods in comparison to the rest. These rods are used to target medium to large fish species from the beach. Surf roads are specifically designed to cast out past the surf and over on to the break we’re fish are generally feeding.
Surf rods like spinning rods can be disassembled into multiple parts and are designed to accommodate a spinning reel. But of course larger spinning reels.
These fishing rods are specifically designed for fly-fishing and to accommodate a fly reel. Fly-fishing unlike traditional fishing requires different skill sets altogether.
To put simply fly roads are used to cast out a fly to mimic what your target fish are feeding on. Fly fishing is often seen done in freshwater streams and lakes. But we can also argue fly-fishing has a place in saltwater fishing too.
A few things to consider when buying a fishing rod.
Before buying your first fishing rod or your second or third. Here are some things you may want to consider while shopping around.
Rod action is described us how much a fishing rod will deflect (bend) from the tip-top to the blank and how fast it will return to its neutral position once pressure is added to the tip.
Fishing rod action is
A general guide on fishing rod action:
Slow action – These rods are the most flexible in construction and will bend from the tip to the rod blank and even in some rods to the rod butt. These types of rods are generally used to target small fish as it allows a better fight for the angler. Due to its flexibility, the head shakes and runs from the fish will be easily absorbed and prevent the hook from ripping out of the fishes mouth.
Medium action – These are often general purpose rods which can target both small to medium sized fish. The action on these rods will result in deflection only in the top half. Medium action rods offer great casting distances and plenty of hook setting power.
Fast action – The least flexible of the rods, often will bend in the top third. These are rods are great for hook setting as the rod shuts off a lot faster as you strike to set the hook. Fast action rods are very responsive but this can also be its downfall. Once the hook is set and the fish runs and dishes out head shakes. If too much tension is given or not enough tension the fish can become unhooked.
As listed on the fishing rod blank we’ll often find two types of recommended weight classes. The recommended ‘Line weight’ and ‘casting or lure weight’.
Line weight is given to us in either kilogram (eg. 2-5kg) or pounds (eg. 5-10lbs). This figure is used to determine the recommended rated fishing line weight.
Casting or lure weight will be given to us in either grams (eg. 7-28g) or ounces (eg. 1-2oz). This is the recommended sinker or lure weight to be used with the rod.
The action and feel of a fishing rod are driven from the construction material. Traditionally, fishing rods were made from bamboo but in the modern day market we’ll commonly find fibreglass or carbon fibre fishing rods.
Fibreglass and carbon fibre rods both have their advantages and disadvantages. In situations where we require greater sensitivity to feel every soft bite Carbon fibre rods are ideal. Very lightweight and flexible in construction but lack durability in comparison to
When targeting larger fish species or game fishing fibreglass rods are the preferred alternative. As they’re more durable and can withstand the added weight and big head shakes as we’re fighting a fish.
At the end of the day, Carbon fibre or fibreglass rods will be a matter of preference and the fish your targeting. However, as a beginner angler, I would recommend starting with a carbon fibre fishing rod. A little more on the expensive side but ideal to feel those soft bites.